Almost every passionate traveler knows that there are not-so-enjoyable parts of a journey, and they mostly cover the beginning and the end of it. In the beginning, there's the packing process which may turn into a disaster if you're not savvy enough.
What can you carry on different transport modes (air, maritime and land)? What’s the baggage allowance for various airlines? And lastly, how do you successfully and effortlessly pack your favourite things? Being travel gurus, we've selected the best ones for you.

Airline baggage allowance

When it comes to baggage allowance, it’s strongly advised that you check the policies of the airline you choose to travel with beforehand. Each airline puts limits on the luggage passengers may store on a plane, with different restrictions on the weight and dimensions of your luggage. These regulations tend to change, so make sure you double-check before your flight. Note that most of the airlines have a list of prohibited items on a plane, and fees for additional baggage items or excess baggage weight and dimensions.

The allowance may differ for each airline based on your flight ticket, your final destination, and on connecting flights operated by other airlines.

For example, when flying with Etihad Airways, the general checked baggage policy for Economy Deals and Economy Saver Fare classes is 1 free checked bag, weighing up to 23 kg. However, if you’re traveling to or from the US or Canada, you’re allowed 2 free checked bags, weighing up to 23 kg; and if you’re traveling to or from Brazil, you’re allowed 2 free checked bags, weighing up to 32 kg!

So when booking your flight, always check the “Baggage Allowance” section, and if you have a connection flight, always refer to the “Baggage Allowance with Partner Airlines” section so you can plan accordingly.

When packing, you should always be aware of the list of prohibited items on an aircraft which usually includes: firearms and ammunition, poisons/toxins, explosives/flammable liquids, batteries, liquids and gels, as well as cold weapons.

Buses, Trains, Boats

Similar to airplanes, all these modes of transportation usually allow one to two (sometimes more) pieces of stored luggage and a personal carry-on item which might be kept in the bus compartments, or in your cabin (if you’re on a boat).
Medications and special-needs devices are allowed on board, as well as food and drink, but avoid packing alcohol and sharp objects (which you could pack in your checked luggage).
Sporting equipment isn’t allowed on board, but can be safely stowed in the luggage compartment. Guns, firearms, explosives, flammable items and dangerous chemicals are not authorised at all anywhere.
Additionally, check the allowed weight and dimensions of personal luggage with the transport provider, and note that cruise ships and boats have similar limitations to luggage as airlines.

Packing

Rolling clothes:
Forget about neatly folding your clothes, try rolling them instead, just like a professional backpacker. Piece of advice: your clothes may not need ironing if you lay them out in the bathroom while showering - the steam will do the ironing for you.
Tissue paper:
If you want to pack some delicate items like evening dresses, place the item face down and then put a layer of tissue paper to avoid creasing.
Small suitcase:
Never buy a suitcase larger than a carry-on luggage; this way you’ll force yourself to pack light.
Two bags:
Pack your day bag inside your regular suitcase. When at the airport, just take the smaller bag out, and avoid paying for additional baggage fees.
Clothes selection:
If you want to pack lightweight, then pack lightweight clothes! Always have the thickness of the material, weight, wrinkle-prone or not, texture and bulkiness in mind when deciding what to take.
The number of days:
If you’re staying for seven days, then pack clothes for seven days, not a month. It is easier to find a laundromat, than to drag all your stuff around.
Filing cabinet approach:
Sort your items and clothes like you would a filing cabinet. This way you don’t have to rummage through your suitcase, and will easily find what you're looking for.
Packing list:
We can’t stress this enough: write everything down, starting with what you might want and need on your trip. Moreover, place all the items you’ll be packing on your bed and floor so you can see what you’re packing. You’ll have a better overview of what you need and what you want to pack.
Shoe rules:
Ball up your socks, stockings, and underwear, and place them inside your shoes to save on space.
Toiletries:
Don’t even bother to pack items you can buy cheaply at your destination.
Wash:
You never know whether you’ll find a cleaner nearby or just run out of clean underwear, so always bring some powder detergent with you in a zip locked plastic bag.
Forget the towels:
Yes, actually forget to pack something this time. Most hotels and hostels already provide you with fresh towels, so don’t worry if you can’t fit yours in the bag.
Digitalize:
Everything you can download onto your phone, be it a new app or an e-book, map of the city, travel guide or booking service, anything that can be digitalized is something you don’t have to pack.
And when the suitcase zip closes, enjoy your trip!
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