Choosing a travel destination is based on what you want to do and where you want to go, but timing is essential as well. If you’d like to avoid monsoons for example, or maybe find out when’s the best time to go kite-surfing, then this chapter will prepare you for all eventualities.

What is the best time to visit each continent?


traveling is an acquired talent and choosing a travel destination differs from person to person. Some would rather pick a destination with warm sunny weather, while others would prefer a colder destination. In this part, you will learn about different continents and when it is recommended to visit each of them.

East Asia
Late spring (March to May) and late autumn (September to November) are generally the best times to visit East Asia, when there is little rainfall, skies are clear, and temperatures are mild. What's more, in Japan, the delicate cherry blossom of spring and the vivid hues of autumn leaves are visually stunning. Places like Xinjiang, which are normally blazing hot in the summer and still a bit too cold in spring, are in perfect season during this time. Same goes for Seoul, Beijing, Shanghai, Hong Kong and all the other major tourist cities of this area. Just make sure you stay away during the monsoon season, unless that’s what you’re looking for. Click here to read more.
Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia includes countries that are located south of China, east of India, and north of Australia. travelers may choose to visit large cities like Bangkok, Singapore, and Kuala Lumpur or they may opt for quieter destinations like Bali, Laos, and Thailand. The best time to visit countries like Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, and the Philippines depends mainly on dodging crowds and avoiding the hottest weather.

The best time to visit Southeast Asia is from November through February because it is drier and cooler. Broadly speaking, hot and humid weather characterizes the region; the average temperature for Southeast Asia is around 26 Celsius all year long. The hottest months are March through June, with temperatures reaching a whopping 36 Celsius. Monsoon rains fall from June through October in most countries, making it difficult to dive, surf, snorkel, hike or sunbathe. However, there are some exceptions as Malaysia and Indonesia experience their dry seasons from April to October.
South Asia
A common synonym for South Asia is the Indian subcontinent, as India is the largest country in this region, and the climate in the Indian subcontinent revolves entirely around rainfall. Many of us are used to four distinct seasons, but this part of the world generally experiences just two climates: wet and dry. By wet we don’t just mean a light shower, we mean a monsoon in full power, which sweeps across nations, bringing the land back to life. We've written in great detail about monsoons in this chapter, just click here for more info.
Central Asia
The high travel season in Central Asia is from April through June and September through October, when the weather is good and bazaars and shops are filled with seasonal fruits and vegetables. However, the overflowing of the crowds may bother some travelers.

In July and August, temperatures reach an all-time high, especially in the lowland countries such as Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and western Tajikistan.

The best time to visit mountainous countries such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and southeastern Kazakhstan would be July through September.

More about the weather in Asian countries can be read here.
Europe
Europe is an all-year-long traveling destination, enabling travelers to decide on their vacation time and duration depending on their interests. Generally speaking, the best time to travel to the continent is during May, June, and September because prices tend to be reasonable, and the weather is pleasant.

Europe's vast geography is made up of over 45 countries with weather ranging from sunny Greek isles to freezing arctic Norwegian fjords, but there are common factors in the climate throughout the continent. For instance, in northern European countries such as Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Netherland and the UK, December through March is incredibly cold.

Southern European countries such as France, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Greece are usually sunny all year long, even though rainfall is expected during the winter. These southern countries also endure the hottest summers, making them the perfect travel destinations for travelers interested in sunbathing,snorkelling , diving, and other summer activities.

More about the weather in the European countries can be read here.
Central America
The weather in Central America, which is famously dubbed as the "hit or miss" weather, tends to be tropical terrain with high heat, humidity, and heavy rain. It is recommended for travelers to visit Central America in the dry season, which is from January to March. However, dry season starts from November to April in countries such as Nicaragua, Panama, and Honduras.

More about the weather in the countries of Central America can be read here.
South America
South America’s rainy season, especially in countries such as Bolivia, comes to an end in May, thus offering excellent travel opportunities for travelers with various interests. Tropical climates dominate the northern section of South America, covering Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. Like Central America, it’s best to travel in Northern South America during the dry season which last from December to April.

Central South America consists of countries such as Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru and Paraguay and has a broad range of latitudes and changes in the weather. Ecuador for instance, a country that sits on the South Pacific in the north-west, has its dry season starting from June to September. However, the dry season can be cold and misty, so you might want to visit during the months of January through May. The remaining months of the year are typically hot, with temperatures reaching up to 38℃. As for the rest of the continent, temperatures are pleasant from April to September, with sunshine and clear blue skies.

Southern South America is perhaps the toughest region to suggest when to visit regarding the weather. There are countries with long beaches or rising Patagonian Mountains, and unlike the central tropical region, the southern South American countries lie primarily in a temperate zone, with dry, high-heat coastal summers and cool winters. You could head to the beach and go sunbathing during the shoulder seasons, from October to December and March to June.

More about the weather in the countries of South America can be read here.
North America
North America may seem like a place to visit all year round, but this may be misleading. From west to east, there are six time zones, and from north to south, the continent stretches from the polar bear-inhabited reaches of the Arctic Circle to the sweltering swamps of the Everglades in Florida. In between, you can find vast mountain ranges, forests, many attractive coastlines and one of the earth’s hottest deserts. To put it differently, when it comes to choosing the best time to go to North America, it's difficult to give advice, but hurricanes do hit the southern states between June and November, (including Florida) so if you’re there during those months, bear this in mind.
Caribbean
The Caribbean region includes more than 5,000 islands, reefs, and bays. Some of the most popular destinations in the region include Aruba, Jamaica, the Bahamas, the Cayman Islands, and Barbados. The average temperatures tend to fluctuate, with lows of 21℃ during the winter and highs at an average of 30℃ in the summer.

High season in the Caribbean starts from December to April, since tourists usually visit to escape the harshness of the cold months in the north. Low season in the Caribbean starts from June to August, when the weather conditions are too hot to bear. It’s also important to mention that the hurricane season in the region starts in June and lasts all the way until early December.

More about the weather in North America and the Caribbean can be read here.
North Africa
The summer months in North Africa, from June to September, are typically dry with little or no rain and scorching heat, with temperatures reaching 40° C. High altitudes or coastal breezes are required to make the heat tolerable, so the beaches or mountains are the best options for summer travelers. If possible, make sure the accommodation you book gives you access to a swimming pool and an air-conditioner. Between November and March, coastal areas see a bit of a drizzle while other destinations closer to the Sahara Desert, such as Egypt, see none.
Sub-Saharan Africa
The summer season in Sub-Saharan Africa starts from October and ends in February, but for some countries that might mean the rainy season. Safaris in South Africa and Kenya are best experienced during the months of August to October, as well as June and July - which are actually winter seasons - due to the fact that the grass is shorter, adding to your wildlife viewing experience. Rain spells are often short-lived and are just there to settle the dust and provide much-needed water for the wildlife in summer.

The weather in Tanzania is very similar to that of South Africa and throughout the year, the country offers great safari trips in various locations. You can even see the wildebeest migration during the months of June and July and from January to May, the migration continues in areas such as Lake Ndutu, due to its short grass.

More about the weather in African countries can be read here.
Middle East
The Middle Eastern weather is flippant in a way. During the spring season, the weather remains hot in some areas, specifically, the desert areas. Countries located close to the Mediterranean Sea, like Lebanon for instance, have better temperatures.

However, during the summer months, the blistering temperatures in countries such as Oman, make it impossible to explore comfortably. During the winter season, we suggest you visit countries such as Oman and Jordan where temperatures usually reach 30° C.

More about the weather in the countries of the Middle East can be read here.


Learn more about the world’s climate in two minutes

The Climate Classification

In regions with Equatorial Climates, there is no dry season and no summer or winter; it’s typically hot and wet throughout the year and rainfall is both heavy and frequent.

Savanna climates are characterized by a distinct hot and rainy season from May to September, and a cool, dry season from October to April.

Areas with Desert climates are regions where the rainfall is too low to sustain any vegetation. Hot deserts, such as the Sahara Desert, are situated in the subtropical climate zone where there is unbroken sunshine all year round. Cold deserts, such as the Mongolian Gobi Desert, have a dry climate but can be very hot in the summer and brutally cold in the winter, with temperatures falling below freezing.

Humid Subtropical Climates are characterized by hot, usually humid summers and mild to cold winters.

Mediterranean Climates are distinguished by warm, wet winters and hot, dry summers.

Oceanic Climates usually feature warm summers below 22 °C (72 °F) and cool winters above −3 °C (27 °F).

Humid Continental Climates are known for their large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and (sometimes severely) cold winters.

Alpine Climates, better known as mountain or highland climates, feature cold weather which stunts the growth of trees, and temperatures don't rise higher than 10 °C (50 °F).

Polar Climates are characterized by a lack of warm summers. Same as Alpine climates, the average temperature is less than 10 °C (50 °F).

Monsoon Climates are distinguished by temperatures above 18 °C during every month of the year and feature wet and dry seasons, depending on the area.

This particular area requires more information, so we will introduce you to monsoons and give advice on when to avoid which countries.

Monsoons

While many people believe that a monsoon is essentially a drenching summer rain, it’s the wind pattern behind it that causes such rains. Mostly, monsoon winds reverse direction between the winter and the summer. Meaning, the wind pattern of monsoons can cause wet summers and dry winters. Many parts of the world experience monsoons, the most infamous being the Asian monsoons, which affect India, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia tremendously. Monsoons also impact Central Africa, where the rain is crucial for animal and human life in the Sahara Desert. The lesser known monsoon circulations affect parts of the southwestern United States. These summer rainy periods bring much-needed rain to dry states such as Arizona and New Mexico.

The monsoons you should avoid are Asian Monsoons which are formed every year from June through September.

While they are notoriously difficult to predict, theories that help explain the origins, strength, variability, distribution, and general peculiarities of the Asian monsoon are evolving. Let’s meet them:

Indian Subcontinent Monsoon
This particular monsoon is the most tracked and studied weather phenomenon in the region because it affects many countries such as Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. It affects the agriculture, flora and fauna and has other significant economic, social, and environmental influences, making it the most anticipated season in the region.
Though the monsoon is widely welcomed and appreciated, houses and streets often end up waterlogged, and most slums are flooded. A lack of city infrastructure, along with changes in the climate pattern cause severe economic loss as well the loss of lives. Bangladesh and some areas like Assam and West Bengal experience massive floods during this season annually.

East Asian Monsoon
The East Asian monsoon carries moist air from the Indian and Pacific Oceans to the region, and affects Japan, the Koreas, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, the Philippines, Indochina, and China. It is divided into a warm, wet summer monsoon and a cold, dry winter monsoon. Although flooding, landslides and other monsoon dangers are unlikely to happen, it’s still a good idea to follow some general safety tips. For instance, don't attempt to drive during heavy rains and don’t try to cross flooded roadways or drive through a dust storm. It’s safer to pull over and stay in your vehicle instead. While no direct dangers come from monsoons, it’s still wise to use basic precautions if you're traveling to the continent during the monsoon season. For instance, during a thunderstorm, it’s advised to steer clear of isolated trees or open areas where you're the tallest object. Also, avoid floodwaters as they can be contaminated with harmful bacteria, like raw sewage.

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